A normal car doesn’t smell like gas. So basically when you smell gas, it’s your car’s way of suggesting there might be something wrong inside.
The gas could be anything – from a completely harmless condition to something more hazardous by nature.
Nonetheless, you should make attempts in locating the source of the smell to diagnose the possible symptoms your car is experiencing.
That way, you can know the parts that need fixing. So here are the possible reasons why your car smells like gas.
Gas Leaks In Cars
One of the most common reasons why your car smells like gas is of course, it leaks gas. You can infer that there’s a gas leak by inspecting underneath your vehicle and looking for black puddles.
When you spot one, then you can confirm the car indeed has a gas leak. Most likely, there’s a break in the fuel line.
Related: How To Dispose Of Gasoline
However, it doesn’t end there. A gas leak could be caused by several reasons; since the fuel line goes through multiple systems. Here are some of the probable causes of gas leaks:
1. Gas Leaks From Fuel Tank
Old tanks can be punctured, consequently leaking oil in the process. The fuel tank is the most common place for gas to leak especially in older models.
The only thing you can do is to have your tank removed by a professional. They will also advice whether to repair your fuel tank or not. If the damage is beyond repair, you will be advised to replace the tank itself.
A leak in the fuel tank is actually a dangerous condition. A leaking fuel tank vent hose promotes lots of unburned gases away from the fuel system, which turn into vapor in the process.
This phenomenon can incite fire due to the fumes and puddles. So it is best to have a pro check your tank when you notice some leaks happening.
2. Gas Leaks From Fuel Injector
You might also want to inspect the injector. A leak in the injector is usually caused by the O-ring or rubber seal. All injectors have rubber seals located at the bottom and O-rings found at the top.
Just like all types of materials, these components can eventually crack after periods of driving. They could crack due to intense dryness.
You can open your hood and look for the fuel rails. This is where the injectors can be found. Now check your injector’s quality by running the engine and then observing the injectors.
If you see or smell fuel accumulating around the component, then that’s it. You have a leak in your injectors; which is why your car smells like gas.
Lucky for you, O-rings and rubber seals are the only components that need replacement. You don’t need to change the whole injector itself.
3. Gas Leaks From Fuel-injection Line
Ever notice a strong gas smell while parking? You might want to check your fuel injection line. A leak on that component can also cause a strong gas fume.
A weak fitting in the fuel injection line can leak fuel from different sections. You can blame the pressure in today’s cars which can go up to 125 psi.
You can expect mist or vapor to come out – the catalysts of the gas smell you can observe.
What makes this condition hazardous is when the leak is close to the exhaust or the engine itself. Worse, the strong gas smell can have significant negative implications to your personal health.
Gas fumes can make you suffer from simple headaches to a more severe brain damage.
4. Gas Leaks From Fuel Line
Ultimately, a gas leak can be found in the fuel line. The fuel line serves as a bridge connecting the fuel tank and the engine.
And it is entirely common to encounter gas leaks in this component; if a gas leak happens, it will most probably occur in this unfortunate spot.
The fuel line is exposed to harsh environments because it is right underneath the car. Different debris and elements can crush the fuel line easily, particularly those composed of rubber.
This type of material can easily leak especially if handled by clumsy mechanics before, or when the car has already operated for long years.
There is also this particular gas smell condition that doesn’t need any fixing at all – gas exposure. There are times when fumes from the pumps of gas stations can infiltrate your car if your doors or windows are open.
It is also possible to have a gas spill near your vehicle which could be the reason why your car smells like gas. But it has nothing to do with your car’s system itself.
There are cases where car owners tend to complain of a gas smell only to find out the smell came from an external source. So you have nothing to worry about. You can tell it’s a serious matter if the gas smell persists for days.
Another reason why you can smell gas is probably that your car is simply getting old. If your vehicle is manufactured sometime in the 80s or earlier, you can really expect it to emit some gas odor.
The odor can be traced inside the carburetor float bowl. You can have your car checked by a professional if he can do something about it. Other than that, you can really expect gas odors as a ‘normal occurrence’ for your getting-old car.
However, newer cars are fortunate enough to have an upgrade on evaporative-emissions systems. So newer models won’t be experiencing the same issue.
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Broken Charcoal Canister
You might also want to inspect the unsuspecting canister. One of the signs the canister might be venting out gas smell is when your check engine light turns on.
You can find the canister near the fuel tank if your car is manufactured during mid-2000s. For older models, the fuel tank is located in the engine compartment.
The canister is responsible for catching charcoal. This component is made of plastic and is also used to store the fuel tank’s excess vapor for the purpose of lessening the emission the car produces to the environment.
A damaged vent or seal can cause cracks in the canister, letting the gas odor to exit.
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The gas cap can also be the source of the gas smell. If the gas cap is not tight enough or loosed after opening the tank, you can really expect imminent gas smell when you park your car.
Note: A damaged gas cap can trigger the check engine light. New car technologies are intelligent enough to even detect leaks from within.
A gas cap could be something you can easily take for granted. Gas caps are also crucial so try to maintain the good quality of your gas cap.
Fuel Pressure Abnormalities
An irregular fuel pressure can make your car burn either too thin or too rich a fuel mixture. When the latter happens, the existence of gas fumes in your exhaust increases.
You can tell the fuel pressure regulator is failing when you can observe noticeable lower fuel efficiency and decrease in power.
There are also cases where a leak causes the exhaust to enter your car’s ventilation system. This causes you to experience gas odor right inside your car.
A major downside of gas smell is being detrimental to one’s health. Being exposed to too much gas odor can trigger dizziness and major brain damage as told above. The odor can’t only put you in harm, it also puts other people in danger.
Further, a gas leak doesn’t only put humans at risk of internal health problems – it can also increase the chances of fire accidents. With that in mind, you should inspect your vehicle right away when you smell gas.
A gas smell is indeed a car condition that needs immediate action. The first step in diagnosing is to locate the source of the smell.
And since you already know why a car smells like gas, it wouldn’t be too hard to decipher where the smell starts.